What is Halving In Bitcoin?

Johnpaul Ifechukwu

A halving, in which the number of new bitcoins and the incentive for mining them is both halved, is one of the most significant occurrences on the blockchain of Bitcoin. Each halving slows the pace of inflation, which raises the price of bitcoin. As of 2022, those who participate in the Bitcoin blockchain network by processing and validating transactions using their computers as Bitcoin miners get 6.25 bitcoins (BTC) for each block they successfully mine.

The block reward will be halved again in 2024, dropping to 3.125. The effect of each halving will gradually lessen as the block reward gets closer to zero.

When the reward for mining Bitcoin transactions is reduced in half, this is known as a Bitcoin halving event.

Even when demand rises, halvings slow down the production of new coins, reducing the amount of fresh supply that is accessible.

Intense boom and bust cycles that concluded with greater prices than before the event have been associated with previous halvings.

On May 11, 2020, Bitcoin underwent its most recent halving, yielding a block reward of 6.25 BTC.

When there are 21 million bitcoins available, the last halving will take place in the year 2140.

The Bitcoin Network’s Fundamentals:

We must first have a basic understanding of how the Bitcoin network works before we can describe what a Bitcoin halving is.

Blockchain, the technology that powers Bitcoin, is essentially a group of computers (or nodes) that run the cryptocurrency’s software and store a partial or full history of transactions that took place on its network. The decision to accept or reject a transaction on the Bitcoin network rests with each full node or a node that has the whole history of transactions on Bitcoin. To achieve that, the node performs a number of validations to make sure the transaction is legitimate. These include making that the transaction is within the specified length and has the appropriate validation criteria, such as nonces.

Each transaction is given a separate approval. This is claimed to happen only when every transaction in a block has received approval. Following approval, the transaction is broadcast to other nodes and added to the current blockchain.

The stability and security of the blockchain are increased by adding more computers, or “nodes.” By the end of August 2022, it was expected that 15,169 nodes were running the Bitcoin code. As long as they have adequate capacity to download the whole blockchain and its transaction history, anybody may join the Bitcoin network as a node, but not all of them are miners.

Bitcoin Mining Basics:

The technique by which individuals utilise their computers to take part in the blockchain network of Bitcoin as a transaction processor and validator is known as bitcoin mining. Proof of work is the mechanism used by Bitcoin (PoW). This implies that in order to get compensated, miners must demonstrate that they have worked hard to process transactions. The time and energy required to operate the computer hardware and solve challenging equations are included in this endeavour.

The word “mine” is not used literally; rather, it refers to the process of gathering valuable metals. Bitcoin miners solve mathematical puzzles and validate a transaction’s validity. They then combine these transactions into blocks, which they then link together to form the blockchain.

The miners that processed and verified the transactions inside a block are rewarded with bitcoins when the block is full of transactions. More confirmations are needed for transactions with higher dollar amounts to maintain security.

Bitcoin became legal tender in El Salvador on June 9, 2021. The first nation to accomplish this is this one. Any transaction that the company may accept can be made using cryptocurrency. The main unit of account in El Salvador is still the dollar.

Why Does Bitcoin Halve?

The block reward provided to Bitcoin miners for processing transactions is halved every 210,000 blocks mined or about every four years. The pace at which new bitcoins are issued into circulation is reduced in half during this occurrence, which is why it is known as a “halving.” This is how Bitcoin enforces artificial price inflation until every bitcoin is distributed.

The planned maximum of 21 million coins will be achieved somewhere around the year 2140, after which this rewards system would end. At that moment, network users will pay fees to miners in exchange for processing transactions to reward them. These fees make sure that miners continue to have a reason to mine and maintain the network.

The Bitcoin supply is approaching its limit of 21 million, thus the halving event is noteworthy because it represents a further decline in the pace at which new Bitcoins are being created. There are just roughly 1.9 million bitcoins remaining to be produced via mining awards as of late August 2022, with about 19.1 million currently in use.

Each block in the chain that was mined in 2009 earned a reward of 50 bitcoins. After the first halving, there were 25, then 12, and then, as of May 11, 2020, there were 6.25 bitcoins for every block. To put this in another perspective, consider what would happen if the quantity of gold extracted from the Earth were to be halved every four years. A “halving” of gold production every four years would potentially increase its price if the value of gold is dependent on its scarcity.

When Did Bitcoin’s Price Halve?

Even when demand rises, halvings slow down the production of new coins, reducing the amount of fresh supply that is accessible. This has some financial ramifications for investors since other assets with limited or poor availability, like gold, may experience strong demand and therefore increase in price.

These Bitcoin price halvings have historically coincided with sharp price increases for bitcoin. On November 28, 2012, the first halving took place. By November 28, 2013, it had increased from $12 to $1,207. On July 9, 2016, the second Bitcoin halving took place. At that time, the price of a bitcoin was $647, and by December 17, 2017, it had risen to $18,972. From that peak, the price dropped over the course of a year to $3,716 on December 17, 2018, which was around 575% greater than the price before the price was halved.

In May 2020, the most recent halving took place. The cost of one bitcoin was $8,821 on that day. Bitcoin’s price skyrocketed to $63,233 on April 14, 2021, an astounding rise of 617% over its pre-halving price. Bitcoin’s price increased by 461% a month later, on May 11, 2021, to $49,504, which is more in line with the behaviour of the 2016 halving.

The following describes how the hypothesis Of The Halving And The Chain Reaction It Causes Operates:

The reward is cut in half, inflation is cut in half, the supply is reduced, demand is increased, and the price is increased. Despite receiving lesser incentives, miners continue to be motivated by Bitcoin’s rising worth.

Miners would lack motivation in the event that a halving did not raise demand and price. There would be less incentive to complete transactions, and Bitcoin’s value would not be sufficient.

In order to avoid this, Bitcoin includes a procedure for altering how difficult it is to earn mining incentives, or how difficult it is to mine a transaction. The difficulty of mining would be lowered to keep miners motivated if the payout had been cut in half but the value of Bitcoin had not grown. As a result, while there are still fewer bitcoins given as rewards, transaction processing is now simpler. Twice, this method has been effective.

These Bitcoin price halvings have so far caused a price increase that was quickly followed by a significant decline. However, the subsequent collapses have maintained prices higher than they were before the price-halving incidents.

As an example, during the 2017–2018 bubble, the price of bitcoin increased to over $19,000 before dropping to about $3,700. The price of bitcoin before the halving was over $650, so this is a significant decrease.

Even though this strategy has been successful so far, future market reactions to the halves are uncertain since they are often accompanied by a great deal of excitement, speculation, and volatility.

In addition to taking place during a worldwide epidemic, the third halving also happened amid greater regulatory scrutiny, institutional investment in digital assets, and celebrity hype. These extra considerations make it difficult to predict where the price of bitcoin will finally settle.

What Consequences Would A Halving Of Bitcoin Have?

A Bitcoin halving is a momentous event, therefore it has an impact on many participants in the Bitcoin network. Here is a quick explanation of how the network’s key players and hot topics will be impacted by the halving of Bitcoin.

Investors: Because of the decreased supply and greater demand, halving often leads to higher cryptocurrency prices, which is excellent news for investors. In advance of the halving, trading activity on the cryptocurrency’s blockchain intensifies. However, as previously shown, the logistics and circumstances surrounding each price halving affect how quickly prices rise.

Miners: Mining has a complex impact on the Bitcoin ecosystem. On the one hand, rising demand and prices are caused by a declining bitcoin supply. However, since they may find it challenging to compete with huge mining companies, smaller mining operations or individual miners may find it difficult to exist in Bitcoin’s ecosystem as a result of lesser incentives. The mining capability for bitcoins is allegedly inversely correlated with their price. As a result, the ecosystem of a cryptocurrency has fewer miners when its price rises and vice versa. A halving event, which is characterized by a rise in price, might raise the likelihood of a 51% assault on the Bitcoin network because miners leave the network, making it less secure.

What Takes Place If Bitcoin Halved?

When referring to Bitcoin, the phrase “halving” refers to the proportion of tokens included in a freshly generated block. When Bitcoin was started in 2009, each block had 50 BTC in it, but this number was scheduled to decrease by 50% about every four years. Three halving events have occurred today, and a block now only holds 6.25 BTC. Upon the subsequent halving, a block will only hold 3.125 BTC.

When Did the Halvings Take Place?

On November 28, 2012, when a total of 10,500,000 BTC had been mined, the first Bitcoin halving took place. The subsequent one took place on July 9, 2016, and the most recent one on May 11, 2020. Early 2024 is predicted to be the next.

Why Do the Halvings Happen Less Frequently Than Every Four Years?

The Bitcoin mining algorithm aims to discover new blocks once every 10 minutes. The time it takes to locate blocks will, however, go shorter as more miners join the network and boost its hashing power. This is fixed by restoring a 10-minute objective by resetting the mining difficulty, or how challenging it is for a computer to solve the mining algorithm, about every two weeks. The average time to locate a block has constantly stayed under 10 minutes despite the exponential growth of the Bitcoin network over the last ten years (roughly 9.5 minutes).

Does Bitcoin Price Halving Affect It?

From the time of its introduction in 2009, when it only traded for cents or dollars, to April 2021, when the price of one bitcoin sold for over $63,000, the price of bitcoin has increased gradually and considerably.

The price should increase since producers will need to alter their selling prices to cover their expenses as half the block reward effectively doubles the cost to miners, who are basically the makers of bitcoins. According to empirical data, bitcoin prices do tend to increase in advance of a halving, sometimes months in advance of the actual occurrence.

When There Are No More Bitcoins Left, What Happens?

The last 21 million bitcoins to ever be created will have been mined by the year 2140. As soon as there are no more new bitcoins to be discovered, the halving timetable will end. The value of transaction fees paid to miners is anticipated to increase in the future due to a higher volume of transactions with fees attached and a higher nominal market value for bitcoins. Despite this, miners will still be motivated to keep validating and confirming new transactions on the blockchain.

The halving of bitcoin reduces the pace at which new bitcoins are put into circulation by half and imposes artificial price inflation on the network of the cryptocurrency. The planned 21 million limits for bitcoin are anticipated to be achieved around 2140, at which point the rewards system is anticipated to end. After then, fees will be paid to miners for processing transactions.

Each block in the chain that was mined in 2009 earned a reward of 50 bitcoins. After the first halving, there were 25, then 12, and then, as of May 11, 2020, there were 6.25 bitcoins for every block. Significant repercussions for the network follow Bitcoin’s halving. Investors can anticipate a price increase in the days before the halving and after it. The halving event may lead to a consolidation of the ranks of miners as lone miners and tiny enterprises leave the mining environment or are absorbed by more powerful actors.


By now you should understand what bitcoin halving is all about, and the intricacies, knowing this will help aid you to understand how bitcoin works, and who powers the dumb and pump, crypto knowledge can never be separated now as regards its force and adoption.

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