What is The Average True Range

Johnpaul Ifechukwu

Average True Range (ATR)

A technical indicator called the Average True Range (ATR) gauges the price volatility of an asset.

An indication of volatility is ATR. It displays the average degree of price fluctuation over a specified time. New Concepts in Technical Trading Systems, also discusses the Directional Movement Concept, RSI, and Parabolic SAR (ADX).

When price variations are significant and quick, the average true range might increase in value. Low levels of the indicator are characteristic of long-lasting sideways movements that occur during the market’s peak and consolidation.

The meaning of Average True Range (ATR) is as follows:

The likelihood of a trend shift increases with the indicator’s value.

The movement of the trend is weaker the lower the indicator’s value is.

The indicator just shows the level of price volatility; it does not show a price trend.

Actions That Are Used To Determine The Average True Range.

  1. Parameters
  2. Interpretation
  3. Channel Keltner
  4. Inverse SAR
  5. Binary Options
  6. Williams%R

1. Parameters:

Period: (14): The total number of periods utilized to calculate the range.

Period signifies hours if the graphic shows hourly data. Period refers to days when daily charts are utilized. The timeframe for weekly charts will continue to be weeks, and so on.

Wilder utilized seven seconds. The numbers 14 and 20 are also often used.

2. Interpretation:

The Average True Range (ATR) was created by Welles Wilder as a technique for quantifying volatility.

Wilder determined the following periods to have the largest True Range using daily charts:

the separation between today’s high and low.

the gap between today’s high and yesterday’s closing.

the gap between today’s low and yesterday’s closing.

True Range is a key component of indicators like ADX (Average Directional Movement) or ADXR (Average Directional Movement Rating), among others, to determine the direction of a market’s movement. It quantifies market volatility.

The Average True Range indicator shows when market volatility is high and low. A market with high volatility is one where prices are constantly changing, while a market with low volatility has minimal price movement.

Identifying buy and sell signals as well as increased risk potential may be aided by measuring market volatility. Markets with high price volatility have a higher potential for risk and profit since there are more possibilities for buying and selling for traders because prices increase and fall quickly.

The ATR often peaks higher in value as market volatility increases.

The ATR loses value during times of low volatility.

Though it’s not a law, a market will often continue in the direction of the first price move.

The Average True Range is often used by traders to gauge market volatility before turning to other technical indicators to assist them to determine market direction.

3. Channel Keltner:

Technically speaking, the Keltner Channel (KC) is a series of bands (or channels) above and below a moving average that is based on volatility. The channels are typically configured to two ATRs…

4. Inverse SAR (Stop and Reverse)

A trailing stop-based trading strategy, the Parabolic SAR, or Parabolic Stop and Reverse, is often used as a technical indicator as well. Parabolic SAR is said to be a technical indicator since it…

5. Binary Options

In a binary option, the result of a “Yes or No?” or “True or False” proposition will have the only bearing on the payment. Don’t get scared off! Its name could seem like…

6. Williams%R:

A technical indicator called the Williams%R (%R) displays the level of the close about the maximum high during a certain time frame, often 14 days or more.

ADX, or Average Directional Index

A technical indicator called the Average Directional Index, or ADX is used to gauge a trend’s overall strength. The Average Directional Index (ADX), created by J. Welles Wilder, aids traders.

How to Determine ATR:

The True Range must be found to compute the ATR.

True Range considers both the preceding period’s close and the most recent period’s high/low range (if needed).

Three calculations must be completed, then they must be compared to one another.

ATR calculates volatility by accounting for any gaps in price movement. 14 periods, which may be intraday, daily, weekly, or monthly, are often used in the ATR calculation. Utilize a shorter average, such as 2 to 10 periods, to gauge recent volatility. Use 20 to 50 periods for volatility over longer periods.

How the indicator functions:

The greater range of each bar is a sign of rising market volatility, as is a growing ATR. The strength of a price reversal would be indicated by an increase in ATR. An increasing ATR might signify either selling pressure or buying pressure since ATR is not directional. High ATR readings are often the outcome of a rapid uptrend or downtrend and are not likely to last for a lengthy amount of time.

A succession of periods with limited ranges is indicated by a low ATR value (quiet days). The prolonged sideways price action that produced these low ATR readings is what caused the decreased volatility. Low ATR readings for an extended length of time might be a sign of consolidation and the potential for a move or reversal to continue.

For stops or entry triggers, ATR is highly helpful in indicating changes in volatility. The ATR stop will adjust to sudden price changes or consolidation zones, which might cause an anomalous price movement in either direction, unlike fixed dollar-point or percentage stops, which do not allow for volatility. To detect these unusual price movements, multiply the ATR by 1.5.


ATR is equal to (Previous ATR x (n – 1) + TR) / n.

ATR stands for Average True Range.

n = the number of bars or periods

TL = True Range

Today’s True Range is the largest of the following:

low today minus high today

the total difference between today’s high and yesterday’s closing

the total difference between yesterday’s close and today’s low

The CBOE Market Volatility Index is a related indicator (VIX)


Technical analysis focuses on the volume and price of the market in particular. Technical analysis is only one kind of stock analysis. You should use the strategy that makes you feel the most comfortable when deciding which stocks to purchase or sell. You must decide for yourself, as with all of your investments, if a particular security or securities investment is suitable for you in light of your investing goals, risk tolerance, and financial circumstances. Future outcomes cannot be predicted based on past performance.

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