What Is Cryptocurrency Farming?

Johnpaul Ifechukwu

Yield farming is the practice of putting your bitcoin into a pool with other users in order to earn incentives or interest. The combined funds are used to carry out smart contracts, such as lending bitcoin for interest.

A mechanism known as “yield farming” allows users to deposit cryptocurrency into a pool with other users in order to seek financial returns, often in the form of interest from lending the pooled bitcoin.

Yield Farming Is An Extremely Hazardous Tactic With Enormous Potential Benefit

A liquidity Pool Is Established

The creation of a liquidity pool is the initial stage in yield farming. This is dependent on a smart contract, which streamlines all borrowing and investment for that particular yield farm.

Investors deposit assets: Investors may deposit money into the liquidity pool by connecting their digital wallets. “Staking” is another word for this. This resembles how clients could deposit money in a bank or invest in a mutual fund or ETF.

A way to invest in cryptocurrencies for higher returns is via yield farming. With the use of smart contracts, yield farms are decentralised financial investing instruments. Investors that place a high priority on aggressive returns may find high-interest rates, up to 100%, in yield farms. Yield farm participation implies accepting the risk of losing your whole investment.

Through decentralised finance (DeFi) services like PancakeSwap or cryptocurrency exchanges, you may locate yield farms. Protocols and platforms for yield farming

How Do You Get These Farming Output Rewards?

Well, yield farming doesn’t really have a defined method. In fact, agricultural tactics that increase yields may alter hourly. The restrictions and dangers will vary depending on the platform and approach. You must familiarise yourself with the operation of decentralised liquidity protocols if you wish to begin yield farming.

The gist is already known to us. A smart contract allows you to make deposits and get benefits in return. But how they are carried out might differ substantially. Therefore, naively depositing your hard-earned money and hoping for large returns is often not a good idea. You must be able to maintain control over your investment as a fundamental tenet of risk management.

This is merely a collection of procedures that are essential to yield farming techniques; it is not a comprehensive list.

  1. Compound Finance

2. MakerDAO

3. Synthetix

4. Aave

5. Uniswap

6. Curve Finance

7. Balancer

8. Yearn.finance

1. Compound Finance:

An algorithmic money market called compound enables users to lend and borrow assets. Anyone with an Ethereum wallet may contribute assets to the liquidity pool of Compound and receive rewards that instantly start compounding. On the basis of supply and demand, the rates are algorithmically modified. One of the fundamental procedures of the ecology of yield farming is compound.

2. MakerDAO:

DAI, a stablecoin with an algorithmic peg to the value of USD, may be created using the Maker decentralised credit platform. Anyone may create a Maker Vault and lock collateral assets like ETH, BAT, USDC, or WBTC inside of it. In exchange for the collateral they locked, they may create DAI as debt. The stability charge, which is applied to this debt over time, has a defined rate determined by owners of MKR tokens. Maker may be used by yield farmers to mint DAI for use in their farming techniques.

3. Synthetix:

A synthetic asset protocol is called Synthetix. Anyone may use it to create fake assets by locking up (staking) ETH or the Synthetix Network Token (SNX) as collateral. What may an artificial asset be? Almost everything has a trustworthy pricing feed. This makes it possible to add almost any financial asset to the Synthetix platform.

In the future, Synthetix may permit the use of a variety of assets for yield farming. Want to use yield farming techniques with your long-term gold bags? The best option could be synthetic assets.


The loan and borrowing protocol Aave is decentralised. On the basis of the state of the market, interest rates are algorithmically modified. “aTokens” are given to lenders in exchange for their money. Upon deposit, these tokens begin collecting income right away and compounding. Aave also permits additional, more sophisticated features like rapid lending. Aave is a widely utilised decentralised lending and borrowing mechanism among yield farmers.

5. Uniswap:

The decentralised exchange (DEX) system known as Uniswap enables trustless token swaps. To establish a market, liquidity sources deposit an amount equal to the value of two tokens. Then, traders may make transactions using that liquidity pool. Liquidity providers are compensated with fees on trades that take place in their pool in exchange for providing liquidity.

Due to its frictionless nature, Uniswap has become one of the most well-liked platforms for trustless token exchanges. This is useful for agricultural tactics that focus on yield.

6. Curve Finance:

A decentralised trading technology called Curve Finance was created especially for effective stablecoin exchanges. Curve, in contrast to other comparable protocols like Uniswap, enables users to swap high-value stablecoins with very little slippage.

As you may expect, Curve pools are an essential component of the infrastructure given the number of stablecoins in the yield farming market.

7. Balancer:

A liquidity mechanism called Balancer is comparable to Uniswap and Curve. The main distinction is that it permits individual token allocations in a liquidity pool. Due to this, liquidity providers may develop unique Balancer pools as opposed to the 50/50 distribution required by Uniswap. LPs get fees for the transactions that take place in their liquidity pool, just as with Uniswap.

Balancer is a crucial breakthrough for yield farming schemes because of the flexibility it adds to the establishment of liquidity pools.

8. Yearn.finance:

A decentralised network of aggregators for loan services like Aave, Compound, and others exists under the name Yearn.finance. By using an algorithm to identify the most lucrative loan services, it seeks to maximise token lending. Upon deposit, funds are transformed into tokens, which are then regularly rebalanced to optimise profit.

Farmers that desire a system that automatically selects the optimal tactics for them might benefit from Yearn.finance.

Farming For Yields Has Risks:

A difficult practice known as “yield farming” puts both borrowers and lenders in danger of losing money. Users run a higher risk of momentary loss and price slippage during volatile markets. Here are a few concerns connected to farming for yield:

Pulls On Rugs:

Rug Pulls are a kind of exit scam in which a cryptocurrency developer solicits money from investors for a project, abandons it, and keeps the investors’ money. According to a CipherTrace study report, rug pulls and other exit scams, to which yield farmers are especially susceptible, accounted for roughly 99% of large fraud during the second half of 2020.

Legislative Risk:

The regulation of cryptocurrencies is still shrouded in mystery. Some digital assets are now regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission since it has determined that they are securities. Against centralised cryptocurrency lending platforms like BlockFi, Celsius, and others, state authorities have already issued a stop and desist orders. If the SEC classifies DeFi loans and borrowing as securities, the ecosystems of lending and borrowing may suffer.

Though this is accurate, DeFi is intended to be independent of any centralised control, including governmental laws.


The degree to which an investment’s price fluctuates in either direction is referred to as volatility. A volatile investment is one that has a significant price movement in a short amount of time. Yield farmers take a significant risk when tokens are locked up because of the potential for value fluctuations, particularly during bad markets in the cryptocurrency markets.

What Exactly Is Temporary Loss?

Liquidity providers may suffer temporary losses at times of significant volatility. This happens when the price of a token in a liquidity pool fluctuates, causing the ratio of tokens in the pool to shift in order to stabilise the pool’s overall value.

Because one ether is worth $2,620, Charles transfers 1 ETH and 2,620 DAI (USD stablecoins: 1 DAI = $1) into a liquidity pool (at the time of writing). Say there are only three additional liquidity providers in the pool, and they have all contributed the same amount. This would make the pool totally worth 4 ETH and 10,480 DAI, or $20,960.

Each of these liquidity suppliers is eligible to receive 25% of the cash in the pool. They would each get 1 ETH and 2,620 DAI if they chose to withdraw money at the present exchange rates. But what happens if the price of ETH decreases?

If the value of ETH begins to decline, traders are likely to offer ETH in exchange for DAI. As a result, the pool’s ratio changes to become more ETH-heavy. Alice would still get 25% of the pool, but her ETH to DAI ratio would be greater. Because traders were selling their ETH at a lower price than when Alice contributed liquidity to the pool, the value of her 25% share of the pool would now be lower than when she first deposited her cash.

Because the loss is only recognised if the liquidity is removed from the pool, this loss is known as an impermanent loss. The liquidity value may or may not eventually break even if a liquidity provider chooses to maintain their cash in the pool. In certain circumstances, the fees received from supplying liquidity may make up for transient losses.

Hacks Of Smart Ccontracts:

The majority of the risks connected to yield farming are caused by the smart contracts that support them. Better code screening and outside audits are helping to improve the security of these contracts, although attacks in DeFi are still frequent. Before utilising any platform, DeFi users should do their due diligence and study.

A lot of people have questions

Is Farming For Yield Profitable?

Yes. However, it all relies on how much you’re ready to invest in yield farming in terms of both money and time. Even while certain high-risk strategies offer significant returns, they often work best when the user has a solid understanding of DeFi platforms, protocols, and complex investment chains.

Try putting some of your cryptocurrencies into a tried-and-true platform or liquidity pool to see how much it earns if you’re looking for a means to get passive income without making a significant financial commitment. Once you’ve established this base and gained confidence, you may go on to additional investments or even make direct token purchases.

Is Farming For Yield Risky?

Investors should be aware of the hazards associated with risk farming before beginning. In the DeFi yield farming industry, scams, hacks, and losses from volatility are not unusual occurrences. Anyone interested in using DeFi should start by looking at the most reliable and tried systems.

How Are Yield Farm Returns Determined?

The expected yield agricultural returns are generally computed annually. This is an estimate of the returns you may get over the course of a year.

Annual Percentage Rate (APR) and Annual Percentage Yield are examples of frequently used metrics (APY). APR and APY vary in that APY consider the impact of compounding, while APR does not. In this context, compounding refers to the act of immediately reinvesting gains to increase returns. Be careful, however, that APR and APY may be used synonymously.

Also bear in mind that these are only forecasts and estimates. Even short-term benefits might be difficult to predict with any degree of accuracy. Why? The market for yield farming is very competitive, moving quickly, and the benefits may change drastically. A farming approach that produces great profits for a period may cease doing so if numerous farmers seize the chance.

DeFi could need to develop its own measures for computing profits given that APR and APY are derived from the legacy markets. DeFi moves quickly, thus weekly or even daily predicted returns could be more appropriate.

How Does Farming For Yield Operate?

A concept known as the automated market maker is closely connected to yield farming (AMM). Liquidity pools and liquidity providers (LPs) are often involved. Let’s examine its operation.

A liquidity pool receives money from liquidity sources. A marketplace where users may lend, borrow, or trade tokens is powered by this pool. These platforms charge fees for use, which are distributed to liquidity providers in proportion to their part of the liquidity pool. An AMM operates on the basis of this.

However, given that this is a novel technology, the implementations may vary greatly. There is no question that new methods will emerge that outperform the present ones.

The release of a new token might serve as an additional inducement, in addition to fees, to contribute money to a liquidity pool. For instance, a token could only be available in modest quantities on the open market. On the other hand, it may be accumulated by giving certain pool liquidity.

The specific way the protocol is implemented will determine all of the distribution rules. In the end, liquidity providers are compensated according to the volume of liquidity they provide to the pool.

Although it’s not required, stablecoins that are tied to the USD are often used as the deposit method. DAI, USDT, USDC, BUSD, and other stablecoins are some of the most frequently utilised ones in DeFi. Some protocols will produce tokens that correspond to the coins you have placed into the system. If you transfer DAI into a Compound, for instance, you will get DAI or Compound DAI. You will get cETH if you deposit ETH to Compound.

As you may guess, this can be quite difficult on many levels. You may transfer your case to a different protocol that creates the third token to stand in for your DAI and your DAI. The list goes on and on. These chains may develop into quite difficult to follow and complicated.

Farm Investment Research’s Results:

Investigate possible yield-farm investments first. To get access to yield-farming marketplaces, you have a wide variety of DeFi providers and centralised exchanges to select from.

Fund your account or connect your wallet: To take part in a yield farm, you need a suitable account that is funded with the appropriate money. You must use a suitable wallet, such as MetaMask or Coinbase Wallet, for decentralised yield farms. For yield farming, you should use an exchange to acquire or transfer the required money into your account.

Does Yield Farming Make Sense?

Yield farming is an intriguing option for cryptocurrency aficionados to profit from their investments in addition to the currency’s value growth. However, owing to the dangers involved, yield farming may not be viable for many investors, especially rookie investors.

It might be alluring to consider earning 100%, 200%, or even more in yearly interest. However, you shouldn’t engage in yield farming until you completely comprehend how it works and the dangers associated. Do your homework on the exchanges, the currencies, and the teams responsible for the yield farming activity you want to participate. All of those conditions must be met in order to reduce the risks involved with this investment.

Utilizing decentralised finance (DeFi) in order to optimise profits is known as yield farming. On a DeFi platform, users may lend or borrow cryptocurrency and get cryptocurrency in exchange.

Farmers who are interested in increasing their yield output can use more sophisticated strategies. For instance, in order to maximise their returns, yield farmers might continually switch their cryptocurrency between several lending platforms.

How Does Farming For Yield Work?

By investing money or tokens in a decentralised application, or dApp, yield farming enables investors to earn yield. Cryptographic wallets, DEXs, decentralised social media, and other applications are examples of dApps.

Decentralized exchanges (DEXs) are often used by yield farmers to lend, borrow, or stake coins in order to earn interest and speculate on price fluctuations. Smart contracts, which automate financial agreements between two or more parties, enable yield farming via DeFi.

What more benefits may this decentralised financial revolution have? It is hard to predict what new applications based on the existing components may emerge in the future. In spite of this, trustless liquidity protocols and other DeFi solutions are unquestionably at the forefront of computer science, cryptoeconomics, and finance.

Without a doubt, DeFi money markets can contribute to the development of a more transparent and open financial system that is accessible to anybody with an Internet connection.


Token holders that practise yield farming maximise earnings on different DeFi systems. In exchange for the liquidity they supply to different token pairings, yield farmers get paid in cryptocurrency. Aave, Curve Finance, Uniswap, and many more high-yield agricultural procedures are examples. Because of market volatility, rug pulls, smart contract hacks, and other factors, yield farming may be a dangerous operation.

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